Landscape Design

Create the Basic Grid

Measure the area and transfer the basic dimensions to graph paper or input them in to an online design tool such as Google Sketchup. Visit the National Gardening Association for tips for drawing a landscape map.

Next, plot the position of fixed features that you can’t change, or don’t care to, such as buildings, trees, driveways, yard entrances, hardscapes, views, irrigation systems and the like. 

Tip: In one corner of the paper, include a compass to remind you of sunlight and shadow patterns.

Landscape Design


Unity in landscaping is the repetition and consistency of a design. Repetition is used to bring about unity in your design by repeating like elements which include plants and decor in the landscape. Consistency is used to create unity by fitting different elements of a landscape together to create a common unit or theme.

What are the 12 principles of design?

Understanding the basics. The elements, or principles, of visual design include Contrast, Balance, Emphasis, Movement, White Space, Proportion, Hierarchy, Repetition, Rhythm, Pattern, Unity, and Variety.

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